Pawn Structure

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One of the five elements of chess, they form the basis of where pieces want to reside, and further dictate where attacks should happen.

Creating weaknesses


A hole is a square that cannot be controlled by your pawns due missing or pushed pawns on both sides of the square. A hole often serves as a dangerous square if the enemy is allowed to occupy it safely with a minor piece. A hole can be defended a maximum of three times by minor pieces (two knights and one bishop), and the attacker generally wants to avoid recapturing on the hole with a pawn and thereby filling it. So it follows that an attacker can only use the hole if they have more minor pieces eyeing it down that the defender.

Minority Attack

Term for a plan involving an exchange of pawns in favour of the side with fewer. The idea is to trade in order to create either a backwards pawn or an isolated pawn.

Central Pawns

When a player achieves pawns in the center, their plan must try to reinforce them, otherwise they become targets.

Game Analysis